Stonehenge im Süden Englands weckte schon immer das Interesse von Historikern, Hobby-Historikern und – wenn wir ehrlich sind – allen anderen auch. In der Nähe des bekannten Steinkreises Stonehenge haben britische Archäologen ein riesiges prähistorisches Monument entdeckt. Forschern. Wer hat Stonehenge gebaut? Warum steht es, wo es steht? Und gibt es heute noch Neues über das Steinzeitmonument zu erfahren?
Stonehenge – die bekannteste Steinkreis-Anlage der WeltWer hat Stonehenge gebaut? Warum steht es, wo es steht? Und gibt es heute noch Neues über das Steinzeitmonument zu erfahren? Stonehenge ist ein wahrer Touristenmagnet, dessen Steine zu den bekanntesten der Welt gehören. Ich verrate euch heute, was euch an diesem mystischen Ort. In der Nähe des bekannten Steinkreises Stonehenge haben britische Archäologen ein riesiges prähistorisches Monument entdeckt. Forschern.
Stone Hange Daftar isi VideoScientists Finally Crack Stonehenge Mystery
The project was able to successfully date such features as the Lesser Cursus , Coneybury Henge and several other smaller features.
In the way that Stonehenge was presented to the public was called 'a national disgrace' by the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee.
Part of English Heritage's response to this criticism was to commission research to collate and bring together all the archaeological work conducted at the monument up to this date.
This two-year research project resulted in the publication in of the monograph Stonehenge in its landscape , which was the first publication presenting the complex stratigraphy and the finds recovered from the site.
It presented a rephasing of the monument. More recent excavations include a series of digs held between and known as the Stonehenge Riverside Project , led by Mike Parker Pearson.
The point where the Stonehenge Avenue meets the river was also excavated and revealed a previously unknown circular area which probably housed four further stones, most likely as a marker for the starting point of the avenue.
In April Tim Darvill of the University of Bournemouth and Geoff Wainwright of the Society of Antiquaries began another dig inside the stone circle to retrieve datable fragments of the original bluestone pillars.
They were able to date the erection of some bluestones to BC,  although this may not reflect the earliest erection of stones at Stonehenge. They also discovered organic material from BC, which, along with the Mesolithic postholes, adds support for the site having been in use at least 4, years before Stonehenge was started.
In August and September , as part of the Riverside Project, Julian Richards and Mike Pitts excavated Aubrey Hole 7, removing the cremated remains from several Aubrey Holes that had been excavated by Hawley in the s, and re-interred in One of the conditions of the licence was that the remains should be reinterred within two years and that in the intervening period they should be kept safely, privately and decently.
A new landscape investigation was conducted in April It has not been dated but speculation that it represents careless backfilling following earlier excavations seems disproved by its representation in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century illustrations.
There is some evidence that, as an uncommon geological feature, it could have been deliberately incorporated into the monument at the outset.
These are interpreted as the spread of spoil from the original Y and Z holes, or more speculatively as hedge banks from vegetation deliberately planted to screen the activities within.
In , the Stonehenge Hidden Landscape Project discovered a "henge-like" monument less than 0. In November , archaeologists from University of Birmingham announced the discovery of evidence of two huge pits positioned within the Stonehenge Cursus pathway, aligned in celestial position towards midsummer sunrise and sunset when viewed from the Heel Stone.
According to team leader Vince Gaffney, this discovery may provide a direct link between the rituals and astronomical events to activities within the Cursus at Stonehenge.
In December , geologists from University of Leicester and the National Museum of Wales announced the discovery of the source of some of the rhyolite fragments found in the Stonehenge debitage.
These fragments do not seem to match any of the standing stones or bluestone stumps. In , the University of Birmingham announced findings including evidence of adjacent stone and wooden structures and burial mounds near Durrington , overlooked previously, that may date as far back as BC.
As many as seventeen new monuments, revealed nearby, may be Late Neolithic monuments that resemble Stonehenge.
The interpretation suggests a complex of numerous related monuments. An announcement in November stated that a plan to construct a four lane tunnel for traffic below the site had been approved.
This was intended to eliminate the section of the A that runs close to the circle. The plan had received opposition from a group of "archaeologists, environmentalists and modern-day druids" according to National Geographic but was supported by others who wanted to "restore the landscape to its original setting and improve the experience for visitors".
In February , archaeologists announced the discovery of the bronze age graves, late neolithic pottery and C-shaped enclosure on the intended site of the Stonehenge road tunnel.
Remains also contained a shale object in one of the graves, burnt flint in C-shaped enclosure and the final resting place of a baby.
In July , a study led by David Nash of the University of Brighton concluded that the large sarsen stones were "a direct chemical match" to those found at West Woods near Marlborough, Wiltshire , some 15 miles 25km north of Stonehenge.
First the fifty-two sarsens were analysed using methods including x-ray fluorescence spectrometry to determine their chemical composition which revealed they were mostly similar.
Then the core was destructively analysed and compared with stone samples from various locations in southern Britain. Fifty of the fifty-two megaliths were found to match sarsens in West Woods, thereby identifying the probable origin of the stones.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Stonehenge disambiguation. Neolithic henge monument in Wiltshire, England.
UNESCO World Heritage Site. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Y and Z Holes. Main article: Theories about Stonehenge. See also: Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge.
See also: Neolithic Europe and Chalcolithic Europe. Main article: Cultural depictions of Stonehenge. Similar sites See also: Stonehenge replicas and derivatives.
UNESCO : Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 22 September The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 11 March The Independent.
Archived from the original on 12 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 10 March Thinking Through Tourism.
English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2 June Retrieved 7 June The monument remained in private ownership until when Cecil Chubb, a local man who had purchased Stonehenge from the Antrobus family at an auction three years previously, gave it to the nation.
Thereafter, the duty to conserve the monument fell to the state, today a role performed on its behalf by English Heritage.
Stonehenge Landscape. National Trust. Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 17 December British Archaeology : Associated Press.
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London: Tho. Walter The Chorea Gigantum, Or, Stone-Heng Restored to the Danes. London: James Bettenham. Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 19 December Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 26 December March British Archaeology : 32— Antiquity, Jun, Vol.
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Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 26 May Archaeological evidence suggests that the first modification of the site was made by early Mesolithic hunter-gatherers.
DNA analysis of bodies buried near Stonehenge suggests that some of its builders may have come from places outside of England, such as Wales or the Mediterranean.
The monument called Stonehenge was built in six stages between and BCE. Stonehenge is constructed from sarsen stones, a type of silicified sandstone found in England, and bluestones , a dolomite variation extracted from western Wales.
There is debate surrounding the original purpose of Stonehenge. Stonehenge was not built by aliens. The claim gained popularity by way of the book Chariots of the Gods?
Stonehenge was built in six stages between and bce , during the transition from the Neolithic Period New Stone Age to the Bronze Age.
As a prehistoric stone circle, it is unique because of its artificially shaped sarsen stones blocks of Cenozoic silcrete , arranged in post-and-lintel formation , and because of the remote origin of its smaller bluestones igneous and other rocks from — miles — km away, in South Wales.
Stonehenge has long been the subject of historical speculation, and ideas about the meaning and significance of the structure continued to develop in the 21st century.
English antiquarian John Aubrey in the 17th century and his compatriot archaeologist William Stukeley in the 18th century both believed the structure to be a Druid temple.
This idea has been rejected by more-recent scholars, however, as Stonehenge is now understood to have predated by some 2, years the Druids recorded by Julius Caesar.
Most of these speculations, too, have been rejected by experts. In English archaeologist Colin Renfrew hypothesized that Stonehenge was the centre of a confederation of Bronze Age chiefdoms.
Other archaeologists, however, have since come to view this part of Salisbury Plain as a point of intersection between adjacent prehistoric territories, serving as a seasonal gathering place during the 4th and 3rd millennia bce for groups living in the lowlands to the east and west.
This, the long distance human transport theory, was bolstered in by the discovery of a megalithic bluestone quarry at Craig Rhos-y-felin , near Crymych in Pembrokeshire.
This is the most likely place where some of the stones were got. They were erected in a circle 33 metres in diameter, with lintels on top of the standing stones.
The remaining bluestones were placed as an inner circle. The site was in use until the Bronze Age. The modern Stonehenge consists entirely of original stones, some of which have been replaced in upright position.
The stones may have come from a quarry about 25 miles 40 km north of Stonehenge on the Marlborough Downs , or they may have been collected from a "litter" of sarsens on the chalk downs , which are closer.
The stones were 'dressed' worked on and given mortice and tenon joints. The lintels were fitted to one another using another woodworking method, the tongue and groove joint.
Each standing stone was about 4. There are also several passage tombs and many tumuli nearby. Stonehenge was built in phases.
Around B. Inside the bank were 56 pits, which became known as the Aubrey Holes, after antiquarian The secrets surrounding Stonehenge and its creation have captivated minds for centuries, with each discovery about the landmark peeling away a layer of its mystery.
Now, a new study has revealed the dietary—and celebratory—secrets of the legendary builders. And the results show Like most of the bargain-hunters who packed the Palace Theatre in Salisbury, England, on the afternoon of September 21, , Cecil Chubb was looking for a deal.
Legend says the wealthy year-old lawyer had been dispatched by his wife to purchase a set of dining chairs, but According to the established wisdom for some 90 years, many of the smaller rocks making up Stonehenge come from the Preseli Hills in Pembrokeshire, Wales.
In , geologist Herbert Henry Thomas first identified an outcrop known as Carn Meini as the source of the spotted dolerite Built on present-day Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, between 3, and 1, B.
Over the centuries, people have speculated as to its purpose, proposing The newly unearthed settlement sits at Blick Mead, an archaeological deposit located about 1.
London is the capital of England and the United Kingdom and one of the largest and most important cities in the world. The area was originally settled by early hunter gatherers around 6, B.
Live TV. This Day In History. HISTORY Podcasts.Stonehenge was built within an area that was already special to Mesolithic and Neolithic people. About – bce, early Mesolithic hunter-gatherers dug pits and erected pine posts within feet ( metres) of Stonehenge’s future location. Stonehenge can be crowded, so we recommend booking e-tickets ahead of time to secure your spot. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel at least 24 hours before the start date of your tour for a full refund. See all Stonehenge tickets and tours on Tripadvisor. Uncover the story of Stonehenge. Take in the unforgettable atmosphere of this World Heritage Site and best known prehistoric monument in Europe, visit our world-class exhibition to discover how the Stonehenge builders worked and walk amongst the Neolithic houses to experience how they lived. Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites is a UNESCO World Heritage site (WHS) located in Wiltshire, elchahuistle.com WHS covers two large areas of land separated by nearly 30 miles (48 km), rather than a specific monument or building. Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, two miles (3 km) west of Amesbury. It consists of a ring of standing stones, each around 13 feet ( m) high, seven feet ( m) wide, and weighing around 25 tons.